There are two ways of comparing adjectives.

1. by adding -(e)r to the positive to form the comparative,  and -(e)st to the positive to form the superlative

2. by placing the adverb more before the positive to form the comparative and most to form the superlative

 

Comparison of Adjectives

Comparison of Adjectives

Comparison with -(e)r and  -(e)st

 

As a rule monosyllabic and disyllabic adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives by adding -er and -set.

 

Positive Comparative Superlative
fast faster the fastest
strong stroger the strongest
short shorter the shortest

 

Adjectives ending in -e-r and -st.

Positive Comparative (-r) Superlative (-st)
simple simpler the simplest
brave braver the bravest
nice nicer the nicest
polite politer the politest
large larger the largest

 

The adjectives ending in a single consonant preceded by a short vowel, a double the last consonant before -er and -est.

Positive Comparative (-er) Superlative (-est)
big bigger the biggest
thin thinner the thinnest
fit fitter the fittest
fat fatter the fattest
sad sadder the saddest

 

Adjectives ending in -y preceded by a vowel do not change -y before -er and -est, also adjectives ending in -y preceded by a consonant, change -y indo -ie before -r and -st.

 

Positive Comparative (-er) Superlative (-est)
happy happier the happiest
merry merrier the merriest
busy busier the busiest
lazy lazier the laziest
grey greyer the greyest
gay gayer the gayest

 

 

After comparative may be followed by than.

Examples

My car is nicer than yours.

You are taller than David.

She is younger than me.

 

Some monosyllabic adjectives form their comparatives and superlatives by means of more and most.

Examples

wrong more wrong the most wrong
just more just the more just
real more real the most real

The superlative is always preceded by the definite article

Examples

The largest part.

The happiest day of my life.

My opinion is the most important.

 

This page is about Comparison of Adjectives.

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