Verbs ending in -y preceded by a consonant change -y into -ie before -s in the 3rd person singular of the simple present tense and before -d in the simple past and the past participle:

 

The Simple Present Tense The Simple Past Tense The Past Participle
he cries I cried cried
she studies you studied studied
it carries they carried carried

The last consonant is doubled in the present participle, the simple past tense and the past participle in the following cases.

 

Verb Formations

Verb Formations

 

All polysyllabic verbs ending in -l preceded by a vowel, regardless of stress.
All polysyllabic verbs ending in -r or -t preceded by a vowel, if the stress is on the last syllable.

 

Some verbs ending in -p preceded by a vowel.

The Simple Present Tense The Simple Past Tense The Past Participle
planning I planned planned
stirring she stirred stirred
begging they begged begged

 

This page is about Verb Formations.

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