Defective verbs – Need / ni:d / and Dare.

The ver need is used as a defective verb and as a regular verb.

 

The defective verb need has only the present tense, takes no -s in the 3rd person singular.

The regular verb o need, unlike the defective need, has all verb forms, and is followed by a to-infinitive, a noun or a pronoun.

 

 

need + subject + bare infinitive do/does + subject + need + to-infinitive
Need you go home soon ? Do you need to go home soon ?
Need he finish the game? Does he need to finish the game ?
Need they fix  that  ? Do they need to fix that ?

 

 

subject + need not + bare infinitive subject + do/does + to-infinitive
She needn’t to do that. She does not need to do that.
I needn’t to go to work today. I don’t need to go to work today.
He needn’t to finish that. He don’t need to finish that.

 

 

subject + need(s) + noun subject + need(s) + to-infinitive
She needs new dress. She needs to buy new dress.
He needs my help.  He need to call me for help.
That boy needs a ball. That boy needs to play football.

 

Those constructions can also be applied  to the verb dare which may also be a defective or full verb.

Though, unlike need dare is sometimes used as a defective in the past tense as well.

Example of defective verb – Dare

Dare to swim in that river ? Does she dare to swim in that river ?
Dare you call her ugly ?  Do you dare to call her ugly ?
Dared you call her a ugly ? Did you dare to call her ugly ?

Defective Verbs + Perfect Infinitive

Defective Verbs | Defective Verbs  in English language are - can, may, must, ought, should.Common characteristics of these verbs

Must – Ought – Should

Defective Verbs | Defective Verbs  in English language are - can, may, must, ought, should.Common characteristics of these verbs

Can & May

Defective Verbs | Defective Verbs  in English language are - can, may, must, ought, should.Common characteristics of these verbs

Defective Verbs

Defective Verbs | Defective Verbs  in English language are - can, may, must, ought, should.Common characteristics of these verbs

This page is about Defective Verbs.

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